There are other graphemes that are trigraphs (made up of three letters) such as ‘igh’, ‘air’, and others are made of splitdigraphs (where two letters are not adjacent), for example ‘o-e’ in cone, ‘i-e’ in time.
Some graphemes can represent more than one phoneme. For example, ‘ch’ makes very different sounds in these three words: chip, school, chef.
Skill 2. Blending
Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is.
This skill is vital in learning to read.
Skill 3. Segmenting
Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up.
This skill is vital in being able to spell words.
Click here to view more details on the Phonics Curriculum
How is Phonics taught?
Phonics sessions can last between 20-30 minutes per day to ensure that children are able to recap, learn, apply and consolidate their phonics teaching. They are entirely made up from games such as cross the river and bingo, and use exciting resources such as magnetic letters, sound fans or treasure coins.
How can you help your child?
To consolidate a child’s learning at home, you can practise recognising graphemes on sound mats, listen to your child blend words in their reading books or use one of the websites below to access online games.
www.busythings.com > Literacy > Phonics
For more information about our Phonics curriculum please speak to your child's class teacher.