Here at Ham Dingle we passionately believe that all children should learn to read before they read to learn. We are determined that every pupil will learn to read regardless of background, needs or abilities. For that very reason early reading is taught through the delivery of ‘Read, Write Inc’ Phonics.

Read Write Inc. Phonics is a complete literacy programme, for 3 to 7 year-olds learning to read and write and for 7 and 8 year-olds needing to catch up quickly. Although reading is taught using synthetic phonics, the programme is so much more than that. It covers all of the new National Curriculum requirements for language and literacy.

Programme progression:


In Reception all children:

  • ​learn the first 31 sounds in short daily sessions. 
  • Read storybooks and non-fiction books closely matched to their developing phonic knowledge
  • Take home Phonics storybooks to share
  • Read with fluency and expression
  • Learn to spell using known sounds
  • Write confidently by practising what they want to write out loud first
  • Work well with a partner.


By the end of Year 1 all children are accurate and speedy readers and ready to move onto our Literacy and Language programme.

Fidelity to the teaching programme, rigorous assessment, tracking and tutoring ensures that the school guarantees progress for every child. One-to-one tutoring ensures that no children are left behind. Children have positive early experiences of learning to read - they are successful and progress quickly

What is Phonics?

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read and spell words.

In phonics sessions children are taught three main skills:

Skill 1. Grapheme Phoneme Correspondences (GPCs)

Children are taught GPCs. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes (sounds) in the English language and ways of writing them down (letters). These sounds are taught in a particular order. The first sounds to be taught are s, a, t.

Some phonemes are represented by just one grapheme, for example ‘s’.

Some are made up two graphemes, known as digraphs, for example ‘ch’ ‘sh’ ‘ai’.

There are other graphemes that are trigraphs (made up of three letters) such as ‘igh’, ‘air’, and others are made of splitdigraphs (where two letters are not adjacent), for example ‘o-e’ in cone, ‘i-e’ in time.

Some graphemes can represent more than one phoneme. For example, ‘ch’ makes very different sounds in these three words: chip, school, chef.

Skill 2. Blending

Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is.

This skill is vital in learning to read.

Skill 3. Segmenting

Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up.

This skill is vital in being able to spell words.

Click here to view more details on the Phonics Curriculum

How is Phonics taught?

Phonics sessions can last between 20-30 minutes per day to ensure that children are able to recap, learn, apply and consolidate their phonics teaching. They are entirely made up from games such as cross the river and bingo, and use exciting resources such as magnetic letters, sound fans or treasure coins.

How can you help your child?

To consolidate a child’s learning at home, you can practise recognising graphemes on sound mats, listen to your child blend words in their reading books or use one of the websites below to access online games. > Literacy > Phonics

For more information about our Phonics curriculum please speak to your child's class teacher.

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